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Road Traffic - 1900- 1929

Road Traffic Law. See also Transport.

These cases are extracted from a very large database. The entries on that database are now being published individually to the main swarb.co.uk website in a much improved form. As cases are published here, the entry here will be replaced by a link to the same case in that improved form on swarb.co.uk. In addition the swarb.co.uk site includes very substantial numbers of cases after 2000. Please take the time to look.  

This page lists 7 cases, and was prepared on 21 October 2013. These case are being transferred one by one to the main swarb.co.uk site which presents them better, with links to full text where we have it, and much improved cross referencing.
Cannan -v- Earl of Abingdon; 1900
Hawkins -v- Edwards [1901] 2 KB 169
1901

Licensing, Road Traffic Casemap

Town Police Clauses Act 1847 38
Simpson -v- Teignmouth and Shaldon Bridge Company [1903] 1 KB 405; [1903] 72 LJKB 204; [1903] 88 LT 117; [1903] 67 JP 65; [1903] 51 WR 545; [1903] 19 TLR 225; [1903] 47 Sol Jo 278; [1903] 1 LGR 235
1903
CA
The Earl of Halsbury LC, Lord Alverstone CJ and Sir Francis Jeune P
Road Traffic Casemap
1 Citers
The owners of the tolled bridge over the Teign, sought to charge bicycle riders tolls. Held: A bicycle was not chargeable as a carriage on the bridge toll under the Act establishing it. The court doubted that a bicycle was a 'carriage hung on springs'.
Smith -v- Kynnersley [1903] 1 KB 788
1903

Road Traffic Casemap
1 Citers
The court held that a bicycle seeking to use a toll road was, by virtue of the words of the statute allowing the charge, not chargeable as a carriage.
Bastable -v- Little [1907] 1 KB 59
1907

Lord Alverstone CJ
Crime, Road Traffic Casemap

The defendant had been charged with obstructing a constable in the execution of his duty under section 2 of the 1885 Act. Held: Lord Alverstone CJ said: 'Suppose a party of men are engaged in the offence of night poaching, and a person passing near warns them that the police are coming, I think it is clear that that could not be held to be an offence within this section. We must not allow ourselves to be warped by any prejudice against motor cars, and so to strain the law against them.' The police had set up a series of speed traps in London Road, Croydon. Mr Little occupied himself giving warning signals to drivers approaching the traps, thus ensuring that they did not exceed the speed limit. There was no evidence that the drivers were exceeding the speed limit at the time when they received Mr Little's signals, although all slowed down. Darling J made this point and added:
'In my opinion it is quite easy to distinguish the cases where a warning is given with the object of preventing the commission of a crime from the cases in which the crime is being committed and the warning is given in order that the commission of the crime should be suspended while there is danger of detection, with the intention that the commission of the crime should be re-commenced as soon as the danger of detection is past.'
Prevention of Crimes Amendment Act 1885 2
Betts -v- Stevens [1910] 1 KB 1; 26 TLR 5
1910

Alverstone CJ, Darling and Bucknill JJ
Crime, Road Traffic Casemap
1 Cites
1 Citers
The defendant, an Automobile Association patrolman was accused of obstructing a police constable in the execution of his duty. The police had set a speed trap, and the defendant had warned approaching vehicles of the trap. At the time they were warned they were thought to have been already speeding, and the police observed this. Held: Bastable was distinguished on the ground that the action of the patrolman obstructed the police obtaining their timings. The gist of the offence lay in the intention with which the acts complained of were done. If the intention was simply to prevent the commission of crime, no offence was committed. It was otherwise if the intention was to prevent the commission of crime only at a time when there was a danger of detection.
Lord Alverstone said: "In my opinion a man who, finding that a car is breaking the law, warns the driver, so that the speed of the car is slackened, and the police are thereby prevented from ascertaining the speed and so are prevented from obtaining the only evidence upon which, according to our experience, Courts will act with confidence, is obstructing the police in the execution of their duty."
Darling J said: "The appellant in effect advised the drivers of those cars which were proceeding at an unlawful speed not to go on committing an unlawful act. If that advice were given simply with a view to prevent the continuance of the unlawful act and procure observance of the law, I should say that there would not be an obstruction of the police in the execution of their duty of collecting evidence beyond the point at which the appellant intervened. The gist of the offence to my mind lies in the intention with which the thing is done. In my judgment in Bastable v Little I used these words: 'In my opinion it is quite easy to distinguish the cases where a warning is given with the object of preventing the commission of a crime from the cases in which the crime is being committed and the warning is given in order that the commission of the crime may be suspended while there is danger of detection.' I desire to repeat those words."
Sales -v- Lake [1922] 1KB 553
1922

Road Traffic, Licensing Casemap
1 Citers
A hackney carriage may be plying for hire siomply by waiting in the street available to take passengers.

All information on this site is in general and summary form only. The content of any page on this site may be out of date and or incomplete, and you should not not rely directly upon it. Take direct professional legal advice which reflects your own particular situation.
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